Available courses

This course explains apoptosis with examples, triggers, biochemical pathways, regulation and comparison with necrosis.

Welcome to the course Introduction to Psychology. 

The human respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The primary organs of the respiratory system are lungs, which carry out this exchange of gases as we breathe.

A clinical detail on the overview, clinical presentation, workup and management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).

The ability to analyze and act on data is increasingly important. Tables, pictures and graphs are effective communication media that present and convey data and information. They help readers in understanding the content of research, sustain their interest, and effectively present large quantities of complex information. In this course you will learn the types of data. This course will guide about the effective ways of data presentation.  

This course is designed to make students understand the current concepts of enzymes in diagnosis and therapeutics.

How to support nutritional therapy in patients who are about to undergo or have undergone major surgery. 

The overall goal of this course is to introduce students to the most current societal issues around public health nutrition and health promotion. This course will introduce students to on-going cutting edge research in the field, and will help students to engage in critical thinking about these issues, as well as constructive dialogue with their peers. The course will be structured upon the use of a socio ecological framework, examining multiple levels of influence on dietary intake, food choices and related health outcomes; for example, these levels include a variety of environmental settings, such as homes/households, schools, neighborhoods and communities. The course will address major public policy initiatives related to public health nutrition, health promotion and disease prevention.

This e-learning course is designed to introduce individuals to community development as a concept as well as basic skills in mobilizing communities for development and influencing social change. 

This course identifies and discusses the aspects of primary and secondary haemostasis. The extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathways that are part of the coagulation cascade are defined and also the factors that influence it. 

 In this course students are able to learn normal functions of living organisms and their parts and the way in which a living organism or bodily part functions.

Biomechanics is the science concerned with the internal and external forces acting on the human body and the effects produced by these forces. More specifically, Biomechanics is the study of human movement and describes the forces which cause this movement.

Knowledge is power. By possessing the knowledge to successfully navigate the physical, mental and emotional challenges that one faces during life time.

In this course, we will tackle issues central to the health and welfare . Some you may be personally experiencing and others may affect some of your friends and family members. The information contained in this course will not only allow you to make healthy and informed choices for yourself, but allow you to aid others in this as well. 

To aid you in this development, each chapter will present a specific theme or set of ideas.

Anemia is defined as a reduction in either the percentage of red blood cells (hematocrit), or a reduction in the concentration of hemoglobin in a sample of venous blood when compared with reference values

A clinical aspect of Diabetes Mellitus regarding its classification, pathogenesis, clinical features, workup and management helpful for medical students of the Endocrinology Module in Semester VI. 

This e-learning course is designed to help students understand Gender Inequalities in health which are a result of inter-relation between biological, socioeconomic and cultural factors resulting in limited access to quality health services and contributing to avoidable morbidity and mortality rates in women and men throughout their lives.

Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of disability, morbidity and premature mortality. We can prevent NCDs by controlling the major risk factors. This will help in reducing the treatment cost and increase productivity of communities.

This course on Diabetes Mellitus is design for undergraduate MBBS especially semester III and VI) and BDS students to understand its pathophysiology and complications. The course would be helpful in making their basic concepts. 

This course concerned with the study of the nature and causes of diseases.

Some kidney problems can be early signs of chronic kidney disease (CKD), the type of kidney damage that can get worse over time and lead to kidney failure. Finding and treating these problems early can help prevent CKD from becoming kidney failure. Other kidney problems can lead to CKD if they are not treated. Knowing your body and contacting your health care provider when you notice something isn’t right can help you prevent bigger problems in the future

This course is designed to introduce safe lab practices in students. Topics covered in the course includes: Biosafety Introduction,Risk Groups and Containment Levels,Biological Safety Cabinets,Biohazard Decontamination.Several optional modules are available to individuals who may encounter special activities or materials in their research.These include the following:

- Human Blood and Body Substances

- Cell Culture and Recombinant DNA

- Animal Work and Zoonoses

The aims of this course is to  enhance students' knowledge about history, culture and geography of Pakistan 

Health education builds knowledge, skills, and positive attitudes about health. Health education teaches about physical, mental, emotional and social health. It motivates us to improve and maintain health, prevent disease, and reduce risky behaviors.

The use of microcomputers will certainly become an integral part of the biochemistry curriculum. Computational biochemistry is the new interdisciplinary subject that applies computer technology to solve biochemical problems and to manage and analyze biochemical information.

kinesiology is the scientific study of human and  the science of movement including active and passive structure or  the science which investigate anatomy and organic process to human motion

This course comprises of all the topics governing the general principles applied in Surgery 

This advanced Two week hands on skills course on Minimal Access Surgery is designed to provide fellows and practicing surgeons an opportunity to learn the fundamentals and advanced techniques of minimal access surgery in a consistent, scientifically accepted format; and to test cognitive, surgical decision-making, and technical skills, all with the goal of improving the quality of patient care.

Practice course for participants of e-Learning Workshops Batch-8.

How to create a course.

Adding resources and managing its elements

These are the most important functional groups in most of the medicines. They contain OH and COOH group.

 Cells are the smallest units of life. In complex organisms, cells group together with one another

based on similar structure and function to form tissues. Tissues provide the numerous functions of organs necessary to

maintain biological life.

The human body is composed of four basic types of tissues; epithelium, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues.

These tissues vary in their composition and their function. A basic understanding of the role of each tissue makes

understanding the specific functions easier.

Circulating or local hormones of the endocrine system contribute to homeostasis by regulating the activity and growth of target cells in your body.

This course will provides a strong clinical and pharmacological focus in infectious diseases.

QA describes the overall measures that a laboratory uses to ensure quality of its operations. 

Enzymes are biological catalyst .They are use to catalyzed biological reactions.

this chapter covers all topics regarding emulsion as dosage form

Hyper/hypothyroidism is a disorder of various aetiologies.

This course has been designed to learn techniques utilized in the lab of microbiology. The course will help students to learn in detail the techniques related to staining.

This course covers the whole introduction, synthesis and application of different antimicrobial agents for the students of the 2nd year, Pharm-D.

Ancient Era, Ebers papyrus, Father of medicine (Hippocrates), Father of botany (theopharustus), Father of pharmacology (Diascorides), Galens

Alknes, alkenes and alkynes are the basic hydrocarbons. This course deals with their methods of preparation, properties, identification test and pharmaceutical applications. 

learn modern techniques of analysis

This course signifies the importance of correct particle sizes, size reduction and  mixing as a unit operations to meet the final Pharmaceutical product requirements.

This course includes the processes, resources and technology used in industries related to microbes.

Bronchial asthma is a medical condition which causes the airway path of the lungs to swell and narrow. Due to this swelling, the air path produces excess mucus making it hard to breathe, which results in coughing, short breath, and wheezing. The disease is chronic and interferes with daily working. The disease is curable and inhalers help overcome asthma attacks.

Alkaloids are physiologically active basic compounds of plant origin, in which at least one nitrogen atom forms part of a cyclic system.

This course is developed to enable the students to meet their real life communication needs, enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.

Calculus is the mathematical study of continuous change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of generalizations of arithmetic operations. It has two major branches, differential calculus, and integral calculus.These two branches are related to each other by the fundamental theorem of calculus.

Computer-aided drug design plays a vital role in drug discovery and development and has become an indispensable tool in the pharmaceutical industry. Computational medicinal chemists can take advantage of all kinds of software and resources in the computer-aided drug design field for the purposes of discovering and optimizing biologically active compounds.

This course is designed to study the science and practice of rationale use of medications, where the pharmacist are more oriented towards the patients care rationalizing medication therapy promoting health, wellness of people. It is modern and extended field of pharmacy.

Pharmaceutical Quality management is integral to an effective pharmaceutical quality system. It facilitates continual improvement of process performance and product quality throughout the product lifecycle.

This is practice course, meant only for Batch 7

At the end of this course the participant will be able to improve his learning. any teacher as well any student may attend it.

Phytochemicals are defined as natural chemical compounds found in plants which possess biological activities beneficial to human health.

Metabolic disorder of multiple etiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.

this course will help in learning the basic  definitions, mechanisms, preparation techniques and application of granulation process

Integumentary System – consists of the skin and its accessory organs

hair, nails, and cutaneous glands

Most visible system and more attention paid to this organ system

Inspection of the skin, hair, and nails is significant part of a physical exam

Skin is the most vulnerable organ ,exposed to radiation, trauma, infection, and injurious chemicals

Receives more medical treatment than any other organ system

The  cardiovascular system consists of three interrelated components: blood, heart & blood vessels

Physical pharmacy is the process of applying physics and chemistry to the study of pharmaceutics


"Carbohydrates are considered as one of the important biological macro-molecule play important role in our daily life".

The present course covers the multidimensional aspects of  heterocyclic compounds

The aim of this course to study the advanced techniques used in drug delivery. This study is to provide an overview of the current and potential aspects of the global market for advanced drug delivery systems and its future direction, with an emphasis on newer techniques and products.

the aim of this course is to give detailed account of different dosage forms

1.carbohydrates analysis in artificial, urine and blood samples.

2. It will help to maintain bel.avellance diet.

3. It will help to maintain normal blood glucose 

This course is designed to develop communicative skills of the students in listening, speaking, writing and reading.

Dispensing Pharmacy course has been designed to learn the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. 

Linear algebra is the study of vectors and linear functions.

Antacids are over-the-counter medications that help neutralize stomach acid. They work differently from other acid reducers such as H2-receptor blockers or proton pump inhibitors, which work by reducing or preventing the secretion of stomach acid.

This course includes an overview of micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses and fungi. Their structure, diseases associated with them and their diversity.

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon containing compounds, their synthesis, derivatization, structural elucidation and properties.

Biomacromolecules are essential units for life including carbohydrates, protein, lipids, hormones, enzymes and vitamins. Without these molecules life is not possible. Energy and the life processing is function of these molecules in correlations. 

Practice tests for MBBS Semester 7 students

Dear Students.

This course is about general Histology.Students are invited in my course and you can find a lot of study materials from this course.

wish you all the best.

What is geography?

Geography is the study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments. It is, quite simply, about the world in which we live.

The main aim is to open to researchers this diverse tumor classifying its different types which enables u to diagnose this tumor along with its different variants.

The course of anatomy of oral cavity deals with the origin, growth and development, structure and functions of oral tissues

This course is designed for the students to understand the Anatomy of tooth structure. 

This course explains what is anemia ,causes , types , sign and symptoms , diagnosis and treatment .

This topic consists of knowledge of pharmaceuticals involved in treating Periodontal disease.

This course is about world very common problem Headche.

Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It occurs in migraines (sharp, or throbbing pains), tension-type headaches, and cluster headaches. Frequent headaches can affect relationships and employment. There is also an increased risk of depression in those with severe headaches.

This course is about Asphyxia and its different types .Detail discussion about different types of violent Asphyxia deaths and their medico legal importance and postmortom findings.

Dear Fellows!

with all due respect am here to present you a course biotechnology. hope you will enjoy to get started my course.


Blood is defined as specialized connective tissue consisting of liquid intracellular substance plasma and formed elements Rbc, Wbc and platelets.

So in this course we emphasize its basic elements such as RBC, WBC and PLATELETS.

This is a pilot quiz for "Blood Module". It is a formative test and scores will NOT be added in final grades.

When the limits of adaptive responses are exceeded cell injury occurs, initially reversibl, then irreversible leading to cell death. Necrosis: severe cell swelling or cell rupture, denaturation and coagulation of cytoplasmic proteins and breakdown of cell organelles.

Cephalometry is used in dentistry, and especially in orthodontics, to gauge the size and spatial relationships of the teeth, jaws, and cranium. This analysis informs treatment planning, quantifies changes during treatment, and provides data for clinical research. Cephalometry focuses on linear and angular dimensions established by bone, teeth, and facial measurements. It has also been used for measurements of hard and soft tissues of the craniofacial complex.

This course gives the classification of Dental Caries according to G.V Black.

Teaching Clinical skills  is an important educational strategy in medical education.Medical students are given an opportunity to practice the skills that are essential for them to become effective medical professionals. Training of various clinical skills in a structured and supervised way ensures that all students achieve a basic level of competence.

This course is designed for family physicians and contains general information about "Rheumatoid Arthritis".

This course is designed to provide you with basic knowledge of Complete Dentures , its fabrication, impression techniques and Anatomy of supporting structures.

Dear Students,

Computational biology and bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops and applies computational methods to analyse large collections of biological data.

A normal birth is always regarded as a logical, natural event. But when for any reason a deviation occur the result is very often looked upon with a sense of fear & horror. This is specially true when anomaly or deformity is manifested in the craniofacial region easily the most visible part of the human body.

The course is designed to deliver an up to date account with respect to the status of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) as it stands in dentistry of today and tomorrow in the backdrop of its innumerable favourable properties and ongoing research.

This course aims to cater audiences ranging from the aspiring dental graduate, habitual materialist and curious onlookers from allied disciplines.

This course comprises of Cyst, their classification, Various types of cysts, conservative and surgical management of cyst, recent advances and articles.

At the end of the course All the students have to attempt quiz and submit assignment before due date.

This is a detailed course for MBBS students about the tructure and function of cytoskeleton.

This course provides you with a comprehensive update on dental amalgam,describing what dental amalgam is, the significance of its constituents, an emphasis on material properties and how they influence clinical performance. 

  This course is designed for first year BDS students to understand the basic tooth structures and the anterior tooth anatomy. 

Dear Students,

This Dental Anatomy foundation course gives you a brief introduction about the subject of dental Anatomy, its importance in clinical sciences and dental research.

This course will serve as a guide for upcoming modules and also in the upcoming clinical years.

Good Luck


An anomaly is defined as something that is noticeably different or that deviates from the ordinary or normal. Dental anomalies are deviations of dental tissue origin and therefore are derived from the dental tissues enamel, dentin, or cementum.

This course will provide an overview on management of avulsed teeth.

A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor.

This course emphasizes on common Dental Malocclusions,related clinical features and the Treatment Plan.

Next the detailed Orthodontic Appliances are explained.


This chapter discusses the histologic aspect of tooth development and the coming together of the different tissues that form the tooth and its surrounding tissues.

Direct Pulp Caping is a procedure in which a medicament is placed directly over exposed dental pulp with the specific aim of maintaining pulp vitality and health. 

Tutorial for faculty: Disable Glossary auto-linking in Quiz

In this course we discuss the various disorder of blood cell .

Driving is the controlled operation and movement of a motorized vehicle with wheels, such as a car, motorcycle, truck, or bus by either a human or computer controller.

    Xerostomia is defined as dry mouth resulting from reduced or absent saliva flow. Xerostomia is not a disease, but it may be a symptom of various medical conditions, a side effect of a radiation to the head and neck, or a side effect of a wide variety of medications. 

What is Earthquake?

Movements within the Earth’s crust cause stress to build up at points of weakness and rocks to deform.

The study of disease distributions in the populations and the factors that influence this distribution is called as Epidemiology. In simple words, it is the study of the frequency with which diseases affect different groups of people and the reasons why they occur. . In this book, you will learn about the types of epidemiological studies and gain information regarding the issues which are to be kept in mind when understanding the results of the various study designs.

Definition.Dental erosion is the erosion of the surface of your teeth, including the tooth enamel, due to acids you eat or drink, or acids coming up from your stomach. These acids can dissolve the crystals that make up your teeth, which leads to tooth surface loss.

The fixed partial denture is a prosthetic appliance, permanently attached to remaining teeth, which replaces one or more missing teeth.. Although the term is preferred by prosthodontists, this type of restoration has long been called a bridge.

Fixed prosthodontics is the area of prosthodontics focused on permanently attached (fixed) dental prostheses. Such dental restorations, also referred to as indirect restorations, include crowns, bridges (fixed dentures), inlays, onlays, and veneers.

This is a pilot test of foundation module for the batch of SMC-2015

Dear Students.

This course is about general embryology.Students are invited in my course and you can find a lot of study materials from this course.

wish you all the best.

This course provides you an in-depth knowledge and understanding of what Glass Ionomer Cements are, the significance of their constituents with regard to their handling and clinical applications, along with an emphasis on material properties and their relationship to clinical manipulation and performance.

Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss, learn ways to identify and treat gum diseases that include Gingivitis and Periodontitis

A comprehensive introduction of Hematology for students of third year MBBS (Semester V). This course contains the important disorders of red blood cells, white blood conditions and clinical conditions caused by platelet dysfunctions. 


This course deals with defense system of host against different bacteria. It include natural barriers (eg, skin, mucous membranes), nonspecific immune responses (eg, phagocytic cells [neutrophils, macrophages] and their products), and specific immune responses (eg, antibodies, lymphocytes)

After completing this course you will be able to plan an e-learning course together with exercises and elements of online teaching strategy, using a variety of tools and teaching methods selected specifically to meet your goals.


This course is designed for the students of final year BDS. The purpose of this course is to review impacted teeth, their aetiology, clinical anatomy, radiologic examination, surgical treatment and possible complications of the surgery.

An impacted tooth is a tooth that gets blocked as it is pushing through the gum into your mouth (erupting). Wisdom teeth often are impacted. Wisdom teeth usually begin to come in between the ages of 17 and 21. Dentists call these teeth third molars.

The process of quantifying the disease prevalence, incidence and related factors is an important operation - one that is necessary to the eventual improvement of dental public health. Measuring a disease in quantitative terms allows one to assess whether new methods of treatment are superior or inferior to existing modes, and whether prevention programs are accomplishing or failing their objectives. Quantitative measurements of disease most commonly relies on "Indices".    

Inflammation  is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants and is a protective response involving immune cellsblood vessels, and molecular mediators. The function of inflammation is to eliminate the initial cause of cell injury, clear out necrotic cells and tissues damaged from the original insult and the inflammatory process, and initiate tissue repair.

Introduce the general information technology things like, famous software, General computer hardware usage, and many more.......  

This course is designed for the students to understand and identify the Operative Dentistry Instruments. 

Information regarding intracellular accumulations by a variety of normal or abnormal, endogenous or exogenous, inorganic or organic substances due to abnormal metabolism, leading to cellular damage.

Dear Students,

This course gives you a brief introduction  about human deciduous dentition. In detail description of each deciduous teeth will be in the subsequent courses.

Best Wishes!


Growth and development

To understand the field of Orthodontics its mandatory to have a sound knowledge of growth and development patterns


A quick review of  irreversible cell injury necrosis and its type with illustrations.

This course is designed on the anatomy of joints and their movements

Laboratory Investigation is all about the laboratory test and tissue processing which help to diagnose a disease

A course designed to make legal concepts, related to medico-legal practice, comprehensible to the participants.


Dear Students..

This course is design for students kindly review this course..

Dear students, this course is designed to understand the basics of mandibular fracture. It will cover anatomy of mandible, classification of mandible fracture, etiology, investigations, clinical features of peculiar fractures of mandible and their management and complications.

typess and treatment of mandibular fractures

This course has been designed to familiarize students with various indices or classification systems used in surveys to measure the presence and severity of dental fluorosis.

A brief description of different ways to measure periodontal diseases.

This course is designed for the students of third year MBBS,to make them easily understand different types of injuries caused by different types of weapons and  their medicolegal importance.

Life-threatening emergencies can and do occur in the practice of dentistry. They can happen to anyone—a patient, a doctor, a member of the office staff, or a person who is merely accompanying a patient. Although the occurrence of life-threatening emergencies in dental offices is infrequent, many factors can increase the likelihood of such incidents.

Life-threatening emergencies can and do occur in the practice of dentistry. They can happen to anyone—a patient, a doctor, a member of the office staff, or a person who is merely accompanying a patient. Although the occurrence of life-threatening emergencies in dental offices is infrequent, many factors can increase the likelihood of such incidents.
Life-threatening emergencies are rare but can occur at any time in dental practice. This is a short course to empower dentist to recognize emergencies and manage them accordingly.

Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research. ... These values include the respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice.

Learn how a medico-legal autopsy is performed.

Module Test on Cardiovascular for Semester 2


This is a comprehensive course on neurotransmitters designed for 2nd year students. This course contain information about the synthesis and metabolism of neurotransmitters along with their role in health.

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion.

This course  gives you detailed descriotion about how to maintain your oral hygiene and the techniques that should be applied.

This topic is related to different oral pre-malignant lesion and conditions, their differences, etiology and treatment.

This topic is related to classification of oral ulcer, their etiology and treatment.


Dear Students,

This course is designed to give detailed Orthodontic diagnosis and to introduce the students to the key of Orthodontic treatment planning i.e Cephalometrics.



This course is designed for general public for awareness about this chronic condition of bones. Besides, medical students, family physicians may also go through this course to update their knowledge.

Is a chronic disorder that can result in enlarged and misshapen bones. Paget's is caused by the excessive breakdown and formation of bone, followed by disorganized bone remodeling.

This course explains the basics of modes of basis of bacterial pathogenesis.

This is about dental care of children.

Periodontitis: Means inflamation of teeth.....

This course has been created to give you a thorough knowledge regarding periodontitis ,factors causing periodontitis and its consequences. You are requested to properly go through the lecture. Your questions regarding this course are welcome.

Thank you

Blood is the liquid circulating connective tissue serving mainly for gaseous (O2, CO2) & nutritional supply, drainage of waste products, provision of immunity & hemostasis. 

The study of the homeostatic chemical adjustments by endocrine glands and other activities that hormones accomplish in a human body.

The study of alimentary canal and accessory organs which help in accomplishing the process of Digestion by mechanical and enzymatic breakdown of food into simpler chemical compounds that easily absorb and provide energy.

Cells continually use O2 & release CO2

Respiratory system designed for gas exchange

Cardiovascular system transports gases in blood

Failure of either system

rapid cell death from O2 starvation

The course is designed to serve as an aid to understanding the core principles of practising modern dentistry in light of evidence based selection of dental materials in the clinic.

This course is designed to familiarize undergraduate student with principles of orthognathic surgery

This course  will help the students understand the different types of pulp diseases 

This course gives you detailed information regarding the anatomy of pulp chambers and pulp canals of each individual tooth.

The goal of regenerative dentistry is to induce biologic replacement of dental tissues and their supporting structures. The potential for regenerative dentistry is due to advancements in biologic therapies that apply principles of tissue engineering with the spatial and temporal assembly of stem cells, growth factors, and scaffolds to achieve the functional regeneration of a missing tissue.

This Course gives you information about Cast Partial Denture,Its types,Classification and fabrication

The course aims to improve the research skills and competence amongst students by strengthening their theoretical knowledge as well as by giving them the Hands-on training to develop Research Proposal. It will help the students to scientifically design Research proposals by applying standard research methods.



This course is created  for both undergraduate and graduate students in oder to understand the importance of steps required in conducting research.The importance of course is to clarify research question ,complile exsisting knowledge, assist to formulate hypothesis, decide about study design , to clarifyethical consideration, how to apply for funding and as well as for reference  writing .research protocol

Practice test related to "Respiratory Module" of Semester-2. The test contains multiple choice and drag-n-drop type of questions. You will enjoy it. Good luck !

Having its roots in Operative Dentistry, this course throws light upon the salient features of the Root Canal Treatment; from access opening to obturation, the learners will gain knowledge to integrate it with their then polished clinical skills.   

Designed for detailed information regarding various types of root resorptions, methods for diagnosis and management

This course deals with a complete discussion of Neoplasia, starting from various definitions, difference between benign and malignant tumors. 

Etiology, carcinogenic agents and the pathogenesis of tumor progression will be discussed later on. 

In the next section we will be observing the morphological features of benign and malignant tumors, gross appearance and microscopic features. 

This course is designed for 1st year students and contains information about the Biochemical aspects of lipids. 
This topic is related with the cell injury  and its responses  to adaptation with an examples and illustration 

This course is designed to understand different types of epithelium.

This is a detailed course about the chemical composition, structure and function of the cell membrane of a typical cell.

The course is designed for the students of 2nd year B.D.S, to make them easily understand different types of salivary glands diseases.